Thursday, March 22, 2012

What is Onychomycosis - Its Causes, Manifestation and Cure

Onychomycosis, the medical term for nail fungal infection, refers to any type of fungal infection that affects the nails. According to medical literature, it is the most common nail infection yet the most difficult to treat.

Onychomycosis is caused by dermatophytes, a type of fungus that attacks both human and animal hair, skin and nails. Two dermatophytes, the Trichophyton rubrum and the Trichophyton mentagrophytes are responsible for causing 90 percent of all nail fungal infectons. The disease is not life-threatening but it can cause pain, extreme discomfort and embarrassment to those who are suffering from this unsightly disease.

How Will You Know That Your Nails are Being Attacked by Fungi

You will know that your nails are being attacked by dermatophytes when they start to show discoloration and develop deformed and uneven yellowish lines underneath and on the sides of the nails. Your nails could also turn into a black color with that portion of your nails developing uneven and yellowish lines.

Treatment of Nail Fungal Infection

The treatment primarily used for onychomycosis or nail fungal infection are terbinafine, itraconazole and fluconazole. Most medical publications say that these medications are effective for the elderly, for patients with diabetes and for children.

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